Dressage is the basis for all equestrian sport where the ultimate training of horse and rider results in a picture of harmony, athleticism and partnership. Horse and rider perform a test of movements which is judged on quality, precision and submission.
The horse’s three basic paces of walk, trot and canter are developed to produce movements including circles, serpentines, piaffe, passage and pirouettes.
Dressage is often compared to ballet, due to the skill and mastery it requires from both rider and horse in order to execute all exercises.
The history of equestrian sport dates back over 2,000 years, to when the Greeks introduced dressage training to prepare their horses for war.
Dressage was first included in the Olympic Programme at Stockholm 1912 and Team GB won its first medals in the discipline one hundred years later at London 2012 after scooping two gold and one bronze at the home Games.