Table Tennis emerged around 1880 in England as a game played after dinner by families as an alternative to lawn tennis.
Table tennis became an Olympic sport in Seoul in 1988, without ever being a demonstration sport. At the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games a team event replaced the doubles event for both men and women.
All events follow a knockout (single elimination) format. For both singles competitions each match consists of the best four out seven games to at least 11 points, where the winner must win by at least two points.