Modern pentathlon is made up of five disciplines as athletes test their rounded skillset in fencing, swimming, riding, shooting and running. The latter two are combined in the final event of the competition.
The roots of modern pentathlon can be traced to the ancient pentathlon, which included discus throw, javelin, long jump, the stadium-length race and wrestling. The ancient Pentathlon was incorporated into the ancient Olympic Games in 708 B.C.
Pierre de Coubertin wished to include a combined sport into the programme of the modern Olympic Games and promote athletes who combine strength, technique and a strong personality. Inspired by the ancient pentathlon, he created the modern pentathlon.
The men’s modern pentathlon was included in the Olympic competition schedule back at Stockholm 1912, while the women’s category was added for the first time at the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games.