Rhythmic Gymnastics is a sport for women, developing grace, coordination, agility and artistry. It is always performed to music with the gymnast using small hand apparatus:- rope,ball, hoop, clubs and ribbon. Behind the flawless beauty of the sport lies a complex combination of high criteria and firm requirements as to the content of the routines, the degrees of difficulty involved, the technique of handling the apparatus and overall body control.
There are two types of competition in Rhythmic Gymnastics: for Individuals and for Groups (of five gymnasts). Both are Olympic disciplines. There are two gold medals contested under rhythmic gymnastics: individual all-around and the group competition.
In the individual all around, 24 gymnasts compete using hand held apparatus – rope, hoop, ball, ribbon and clubs. Only four apparatus are contested at the Olympics, changing for every Olympiad. There are two rounds of competition, the qualification and the final.
The qualification round is held over two days. On the first day, gymnasts compete with the first two apparatus; on the next day, they use the other two. Scores from each routine are added. The top 10 qualify for the final which is then held on one day (qualification-round scores do not carry over to the final). Each gymnast again performs with all four apparatus The gymnast with the highest score is the champion.In the group competition 12 teams consisting of five gymnasts perform two routines each – one routine with 5 balls, and the other with 3 ribbons and 2 hoops.
Note: Apparatus used in group competition is changed every Olympiad. The eight groups with the highest score from the two exercises advance to the final. Scores do not carry over from the qualification round. The group with the highest total from two routines in the final wins.
The Competition Area
The competition hall must be at least 8 to 10m high, so that no problems are created when the apparatus are tossed into the air. Gymnasts compete on a 13 x 13m mat that is placed on a special wooden underlay, with 0.50-metre wide security borders around it.