Canoe slalom, unlike its canoe sprint cousin, sees competitors complete timed runs down a white water course with up to 25 gates. Red gates must be negotiated upstream, while green gates must be negotiated downstream. Canoe sprint consists of direct races across flat-water.
Touching a gate adds a two-second time penalty to the run; missing a gate results in a 50-second penalty. The time taken to run the course in seconds is added to any penalties to give the overall score.
Although flat-water canoe and kayak events joined the Olympic schedule in 1936, slalom events didn’t join the programme until a one-off appearance in the 1972 Summer Games in Munich. Despite its early popularity, the sport disappeared off the schedule until Barcelona 1992 and has been on the programme ever since.
Team GB have seven canoe slalom medals in Olympic competition, including one gold, which came at London 2012 with Tim Baillie and Etienne Stott in the men’s C2.