Los Angeles 1984
The Los Angeles Olympic Games of 1984 saw a record 140 nations still participated, bringing more than 6,700 athletes together. The hosts dominated events, winning a record 83 gold medals. China appeared for the first time, winning 15 gold medals. The Olympic programme continued to expand, with 21 new events added, 12 of them for women; the first Olympic women’s marathon was staged at these games.
Rhythmic gymnastics, synchronised swimming and the women’s cycling road race also made their debuts. Carl Lewis entered the history books by matching the Berlin 1936 achievement of fellow American Jesse Owens, winning gold medals in the same four events: 100m, 200m, 4x100m relay and long jump.