The equestrian disciplines are unique among Olympic sports in the sense that men and women compete on the same terms both horse and rider are declared Olympic medal winners.
Jumping was the first equestrian discipline to be included in the Olympic Games through its presence at Paris 1900 but by 1912 all three were instated and have been present ever since.
Jumping, or showjumping, takes place in an arena and around a course of approximately 15 fences. Rider and horse are considered a team and it takes years of structured training for the harmonised pair to be able to perform at the highest level required across the combined skills.
Faults are awarded for knocked fences or finishing outside a time limit, with the winner the rider and horse with the fewest faults.