The 1960 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVII Olympiad, was held in Rome, Italy. Rome finally hosted the games fifty-four years after they'd been forced to pull out of hosting the 1908 Games as a result of financial problems when Mount Vesuvius erupted.
The winner of the marathon was Ethiopian Abebe Bikila, who ran the whole race in bare feet, and his famous victory marked the arrival of the great African distance runners in Olympic competition. Cassius Marcellus Clay of the US, later known as Muhammad Ali, first gained international prominence by winning the light-heavyweight gold medal.
Great Britain came 12th overall in the medal table.